While first-century Jews believed that the Messiah would come only once to the Earth to establish His Kingdom and not to die on a cross? Simple: they did not harmonize the various passages that spoke of the coming Messiah. They did not realize that there would be a need for two comings. The same applies to the Rapture and the Second Coming. As interpreters we must harmonize the passages that speak of Christ’s return. The result you can check out at the below chart…

RAPTURE AND SECOND COMING